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Can a robotic function successfully underwater?

In case you’ve ever watched Planet Earth, you recognize the ocean is a wild place to reside. The water is teaming with totally different ecosystems and organisms various in complexity from an erudite octopus to a sea star. Unexpectedly, it’s the sea star, a easy organism characterised by a decentralized nervous system, that provides insights into superior adaptation to hydrodynamic forces — the forces created by water stress and movement. Researchers from the USC Viterbi Faculty of Engineering discovered that sea stars successfully keep connected to...

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Early-warning for seizures might be a game-changer for epilepsy sufferers

Epilepsy is without doubt one of the most typical neurological circumstances, affecting greater than 65 million worldwide. For these coping with epilepsy, the arrival of a seizure can really feel like a ticking time bomb. It might occur at any time or anywhere, doubtlessly posing a deadly threat when a seizure strikes throughout dangerous conditions, comparable to whereas driving. A analysis staff at USC Viterbi Faculty of Engineering and Keck Medication of USC is tackling this harmful downside with a strong new seizure predicting mathematical mannequin that can give...

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Social media use pushed by seek for reward, akin to animals looking for meals

Our use of social media, particularly our efforts to maximise “likes,” follows a sample of “reward studying,” concludes a brand new research by a global group of scientists. Its findings, which seem within the journal Nature Communications, reveal parallels with the conduct of animals, corresponding to rats, in looking for meals rewards. “These outcomes set up that social media engagement follows primary, cross-species rules of reward studying,” explains David Amodio, a professor at New York College and the College of Amsterdam and...

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Affect of on-line communities

The Governance Lab (The GovLab) on the NYU Tandon College of Engineering launched a report, “The Energy of Digital Communities,” which examines the position on-line teams play in creating alternatives for folks to construct new sorts of significant communities they usually couldn’t type in actual house. This primary-of-its-kind analysis was constructed on interviews with 50 Fb group leaders in 17 international locations, 26 world consultants from academia and business, distinctive entry to Fb’s underlying analysis and an authentic world survey...

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Quantum quirk yields big magnetic impact, the place none ought to exist: Research opens window into the panorama of maximum topological matter

In a twist befitting the unusual nature of quantum mechanics, physicists have found the Corridor impact — a attribute change in the way in which electrical energy is carried out within the presence of a magnetic subject — in a nonmagnetic quantum materials to which no magnetic subject was utilized. The invention by researchers from Rice College, Austria’s Vienna College of Expertise (TU Wien), Switzerland’s Paul Scherrer Institute and Canada’s McMaster College is detailed in a paper within the Proceedings of the Nationwide Academy of Sciences....

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Synthetic microswimmers decelerate and accumulate in low-fuel areas

A Mason Engineering researcher has found that synthetic microswimmers accumulate the place their pace is minimized, an concept that would have implications for bettering the efficacy of focused most cancers remedy. Jeff Moran, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering within the Volgenau College of Engineering, and colleagues from the College of Washington in Seattle studied self-propelled half-platinum/half-gold rods that “swim” in water utilizing hydrogen peroxide as a gasoline. The extra peroxide there may be, the quicker the swimming; with out...

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An clever mushy materials that curls beneath strain or expands when stretched

Crops and animals can quickly reply to adjustments of their surroundings, equivalent to a Venus flytrap snapping shut when a fly touches it. Nevertheless, replicating related actions in mushy robots requires complicated mechanics and sensors. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Utilized Supplies & Interfaces have printed liquid steel circuits onto a single piece of sentimental polymer, creating an clever materials that curls beneath strain or mechanical pressure. Ideally, mushy robots may mimic clever and autonomous behaviors in nature, combining sensing and managed...

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Quantum techniques study joint computing

Researchers notice the primary quantum-logic pc operation between two separate quantum modules in several laboratories. Right this moment’s quantum computer systems include as much as a number of dozen reminiscence and processing models, the so-called qubits. Severin Daiss, Stefan Langenfeld, and colleagues from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics in Garching have efficiently interconnected two such qubits situated in several labs to a distributed quantum pc by linking the qubits with a 60-meter-long optical fiber. Over such a distance they realized a quantum-logic...

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Most essential international provide chain linkages

In right this moment’s international economic system, manufacturing of products relies on inputs from many commerce companions world wide. Corporations and governments want a deeper understanding of the worldwide worth chain to cut back prices, keep a worthwhile manufacturing system, and anticipate ripple results of disruptions within the provide chain. Utilized economists from the College of Illinois have developed a brand new mannequin for in-depth evaluation of world provide chain linkages throughout international locations and industries, offering a wealthy...

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Machine studying aids in simulating dynamics of interacting atoms: Automated method transformative for computational supplies science

A revolutionary machine-learning (ML) method to simulate the motions of atoms in supplies akin to aluminum is described on this week’s Nature Communications journal. This automated method to “interatomic potential improvement” might rework the sphere of computational supplies discovery. “This method guarantees to be an necessary constructing block for the research of supplies injury and growing older from first rules,” stated venture lead Justin Smith of Los Alamos Nationwide Laboratory. “Simulating the dynamics of interacting atoms...

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